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Everest base camp trek route map | himalayan base camp trek route map
Route map to himalayan base camp trek

 Introduction of Mount Everest Base Camp tours

Chomolungma, Sagarmatha, Mt. Everest – one name for the highest mountain on our planet (8848 m). The Nepalese called her Sagarmatha (Mother of the Gods), the Tibetans called Chomolungma (Mother of the Universe). The home of Mother of the Universe, which stretches from the very tops to the lower jungles in northeastern Nepal on the border with Tibet. All trekking Everest base camp trek route passes through the Sagarmatha National Park.

There are many mountainous regions and trekking packages in Nepal. However, Mt. Everest tours package took the largest place in People’s heart for a trek in Nepal. Dazzling peaks shining in the sun, grassy slopes with colored monals walking on them. As an example thoughtful Buddhist monasteries smoking with languid incense, dazzling turquoise lakes. Including dense rhododendron forests, diamond dust on glaciers and good sherpas people. All this diversity is organically combined in places that seem unsuitable for the Nepal tours package. Houses and entire villages find their place on the steep mountain slopes, the bright high-altitude sun burns their faces. The cold wind often permeates through, and food, water, and building materials constantly have to be delivered to lifeless glacial areas on the backs of yaks.


What to watch during Everest trekking?

The region at the foot of Everest – Khumbu. As the Nepalese themselves call it rich in opportunities for adventure in Nepal and discovery. Groups of Japanese teenagers and brisk Austrian pensioners go up the paths. All people openly smile at each other, saying “Namaste” (the divine in me greets the divine in you), get to know each other and support each other on steep climbs. Somewhere above them fly helicopters with VIP-excursions. Which is called an EBC Heli tour and among the rocky ridges are climbing camps. Immersion in the culture of the Sherpas, who came to these places from the side of Tibet, will take place from the first impression. Everyone will be impressed with the thought: “They see such species every day!” – already got stuck in it with one foot.

We can visit the Sunday market, taste the local goodies during Adventure trekking in Everest of Nepal. You meet Sherpa-high-altitude workers, read the stands of the Sagarmatha national park museum, conversation to the locals about the very legendary days of the first successful expedition to Everest. And if you went to the puja (prayer ceremony for a successful ascent or track).

When is the best time to go hiking in Nepal :Everest?

Trek in Nepal considered spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October). In the summer there is the monsoon season, and in winter the passes are often closed for passage due to snowfalls, and the temperature can drop to -20 ° C. Spring is better suited for trekking in Nepal: through the jungle, local villages and rice terraces at an altitude of up to 4000 m. Everest base camp tours have its charm: blooming rhododendrons! All the jungle will be dotted with incredible hats of pink flowers, and a kind of aroma will stand …If you are going to a height: on the track to Everest or the lakes of Gokyo, it is better to choose autumn. In these short trekking routes through the blooming jungle. First, go only for 2-3 days, and then get into the zone of alpine meadows, mountain lakes, and eternal glaciers.

In the spring of amazing beauty, turquoise lakes (Gokyo lake) are often covered with winter ice. Beautiful hills with flowers – under the snow. And on the route, you will not be waited for by the earth and stones, but also by porridge from snow and dirt melting under the sun. Often travelers fall in clouds, in this regard, the weather in the autumn is more stable. Of course, spring is different, but the probability of falling into the kingdom of snow after winter is greater than after summer.

In autumn, snow lies mostly above 5,000 m: on passes, peaks, and glaciers. At the same time, it’s quite warm and comfortable during the day. In the beginning, we can go with a T-shirt, and above 4000 m in a flisk and a windproof jacket. At night above 4000 m, the temperature drops to zero – patterns fall on the windows, carpets of hoarfrost cover the grass, and lakes on the coast – thin crusts of ice.


How to get permit and TIMS for Himalayan Trekking?

To get to the Sagarmatha National Park, you must get a permit – special permission for the trek the Himalayas. Previously, it was also necessary to draw up TIMS – a tracker card, which is needed for other hiking areas of Nepal. The process of obtaining documents can be done in Kathmandu. Now for the Everest region, this process has been simplified – you only need a permit, and you can get it right in Luke quite quickly during trekking time. All the main Everest base camp trek route and the Sagarmatha National Park are dotted with checkpoints – booths with the local military, which will put the appropriate stamps on these cards about your movements. Guidance on missing persons, rules of conduct and information about the Sagarmatha National park and its inhabitants are also hung there.

Often, the state introduces additional taxes and fees for tourists: since October 2017, an additional fee for entering the park worth $ 20 has appeared. Now the full “permission package” costs $ 65.

How to get Everest Region from Kathmandu?

The main gate through which travelers enter the Everest region is the airport, named after Tenzing-Hillary. The same bunch of climbers who first stepped on top of Mount Everest. It is located in the village of Lukla at an altitude of 2860 m. The aircraft seats 15 passengers, flights every half an hour. However, only in good weather. The airport is one of the ten most dangerous airports in the world. Because of its record short runway (only 527 meters) and its end “into a cliff” and “into a rock” on the other hand.

However, the most experienced pilots work in Mount Everest base camp tour, who land and raise planes not according to instrument readings, and only by visual contact – using his eyes reading the level of the horizon, landmarks on the terrain and the distance to the nearest rocks. Because of this, the slightest cloudiness immediately stops any navigation (and in the mountain gorge this happens very often) and you have to wait for the clouds to leave.


In Lukla Vacation packages, Planes fly only in the morning and the success depends on which flight you were able to take a ticket. If on the very first – excellent. If on the 3-5th – be prepared that the first flight can fly out by three hours late. Besides, the rest will move to dinner, and there they will most likely be transferred to another day. Once we were able to fly from Kathmandu to Lukla only on the third day. If you find yourself in a similar situation at the end of the trek the Himalaya before the return flight from Lukla to Kathmandu, you will be late for your flight home. So for this case, you need to provide spare days and options for reducing the route. Hoping for luck or don’t know? Apparently, until the first time. Be sure to lay an additional 2-3 days in Kathmandu after the planned day of return from Lukla. Or in case contact us.

It is difficult to get to Lukla by land: along dusty mountain roads, you can only get to the village of Salleri. Therefrom walk at least three days on foot up the villages where the tourist infrastructure is less developed. Significantly this trek in Nepal costs more. After all, these days you need to pay for housing and food, and for a porter too. So this option of lengthening the route is not the most optimal. The official entrance to the Sagarmatha National Park and the main checkpoint is located on the segment of the Monjo Namche Bazar, which is the second day of the Himalayan trekking package. The territories adjacent to it are only a protected area near the border of the park itself.



Which route to choose to reach Everest Base Camp?

The main routes of the Sagarmatha National Park are variations of trekking to EBC Nepal, to the Ama Dablam base camp, and also the path to the peaks: from the relatively uncomplicated Island Peak to such titans as Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Cho Oyu, Nuptse, Lhotse, and Everest. There is 4 Everest base camp trek route: As they are also different Everest trek packages or Himalayan trekking packages:

  •  Direct “technical” shortcut followed by Pumori expeditions;
  •  Circular route through Gokyo Lake and Cho La Pass (5364 m);
  •  A circular route of even greater radius through the Renjo La pass (5230 m), Gokyo Lake and Cho La pass;
  • The largest circle, called “3 passes”, through the Renjo-La pass, Gokyo Lake, Cho-La and Kongma-La passes (5528 m).


Direct short route; trek the Himalaya


Number of days per track Maximum height Maximum overnight stay Total route length
10-12 5550 m 5160 m 190 km

This is the first route to Everest Base camp “Everest trek package”, but in reality, the route is short. Which is considered to be the short trekking routes in Nepal. And quite difficult in terms of acclimatization. It is difficult for people who are unprepared for the trek the Himalayas, often without much joy to achieve the main goal – the Himalayan base camp. This healthy path can be overcome by any healthy person in good shape with the right acclimatization schedule. But still, in this version Mount Everest base camp tour, travelers are deprived of the opportunity to see other equally impressive beauties of the national park: Gokyo Lake, views of the Himalayas from the top of Gokyo Ri (5483 m), the beautiful Dzongla Valley after the descent from the Cho-La pass

They try to lay the route to the Everest base camp in 10 days. So that the whole Trek to Nepal takes two weeks, and you will have to go to the EBC Nepal along the same path. The highest point of the route is the peak of Kala Pattar (5550 m) near the Everest base camp (5234 m). Which is the highest night in the village of Gorakshep at an altitude of 5160 meter. Daytime crossings are about 8-17 km, but they are expected in several places rather sharp and long sets of height.




Route through Gokyo Lake and Cho La Pass to reach EBC Nepal


Number of days per track Maximum height Maximum overnight stay Total route length
16-17 5550 m 5160 m 220 km

Secondly, this is the most optimal option in terms of complexity/beauty/ time in Nepal Hiking. Travelers smoothly rise to the village of Gokyo to a height of 4900 m along the chain of the same name lakes. The same height in the first version of the route is gained by more abrupt and sharp ascents.

On the lakes, travelers stop for a day to fully enjoy their beauty: bask in the sun overlooking the turquoise expanse of water. Take a breath and climb to the top of Gokyo Ri (5483 m), which offers a breathtaking panorama view of the Everest. Then go towards the Cho-La pass (5364 m) – all this gives excellent acclimatization, necessary for a comfortable stay in the Everest base camp. The path to the pass lies through one of the Nepal tour package most powerful glaciers – the melted Ngozumpa glacier. Every year the trail on it changes because the glacier is melting and descending more and more. The scree mixed with dust on its surface looks like the surface of the moon. There will be snow on the approaches to the pass.

Early in the morning the bottled water freezes and the backpacks are covered with hoarfrost. In this version of the trek to Himalaya. The route, a pass is the “key” for the successful passage of the track. After descending from it to the Everest base camp, only one day of smooth climb 300 meters to Gorakshep. This route fits in 16 days to reach EBC Nepal, and the whole trip – in three weeks. The route is circular, along the same path you have to go only the first two days. The rest of the time contemplate new species. Some Himalayan hiking daytime crossings will be longer – up to 23 km per day. But this is offset by a small climb – up to 500 m per day. This is a common set – the daily elevation changes will constantly fluctuate: climbed, descended, climbed again and descended again.



The route through the Renjo La Pass, Gokyo Lake, and Cho La Pass


Number of days per track Maximum height Maximum overnight stay Total route length
                  19-20               5550 m                      5160 m           270 km

This Everest base camp trek route is longer than the Route through Gokyo Lake and Cho La Pass to reach EBC Nepal. It is optimal for physically prepared people who have been to hiking in Nepal more than once. The bonus will be a magnificent view of the lakes of Gokyo and Everest from the top of the Renjo La Pass (5230 m). This variant of the Himalayan trekking package will take about 19 days. A week will need to spend the night at an altitude of more than 4200 m. For untrained people without acclimatization, this can lead to gradually accumulating fatigue from the prolonged stay at altitude.

Therefore beginners shouldn’t take such a route or do it with great care to your health and caution. People who have never been to the Nepal Hiking, but have successfully traveled this route to Everest base camp lightly, secured by a porter for the decent weight of a large backpack. No-one can predict in advance how your body reacts to heights: it’s easier for someone to be friends with, it doesn’t let anyone in at all.

An interesting feature of this Trek in Nepal is the bypass along the left edge of the Sagarmatha national park, where not many people enter. And the change of landscape zones will be smoother. Here, dense coniferous forests are replaced first by rare, bonsai-like bizarre pine trees, and then they gradually turn into low-growing meadows. On the way to the pass, you will see many semi-abandoned pasture villages. Where all the hedges and houses are neatly made of small stones – the real world of the hobbits.

Snow will again lie on the Renjo La pass (5230 m), and the ascent to it is comparable to going out into outer space. Such a deserted atmosphere and silence reign on its approaches. Even the likelihood that another group will come up with you on the same day is very small. Because not many people come here in Himalayan Trekking package. Everything around is covered with hoarfrost and ice crust: icy flowers underfoot, frozen streams, foggy clouds. Early in the morning, the sun is on the other side of the pass and rise in a cold shade. But on the pass, the sun meets, warm and fantastic views of Lake Gokyo lying below and Everest hovering above it. The further part of the trek in Nepal is similar to the previous option. A day-vacation at Gokyo and a new pass in a day. Excellent acclimatization guaranteed!


“3 passes” route: through the Renjo-La pass, Gokyo Lake, Cho-La and Kongma-La passes


Number of days per track Maximum height Maximum overnight stay Total route length
20-21 5550 m 5160 m 300 km

Last but not least this Himalayan trekking package is for those who can afford to go to the mountains for a month. The track itself takes about 21 days, depending on the number of days of rest and weather at the passes. The “Three passes” route allows you to see almost everything interesting in this region at a time. Here, Trekker goes to the EBC Nepal by the previous route through the Renjo La and Cho La passes. And then turn off from the main path down to Namche Bazar and through the Kongma La pass (5528 m) go down to the foot of Ama Dablam and the village of Chukkung, from where climbers start climbing Island Peak.

An extra couple of days for passing the third pass carry the status “now you saw everything in this area”, and the views opening from Kongma-La are available only to a small part of people who have visited the Sagarmatha national park. When planning such a Trekking in Nepal, you need to carefully select the time – the most stable month in the weather in the middle of the season to eliminate possible bad weather, in which not only there will be no species, but the passes can be closed altogether.


Mount Everest base camp tours

In the list of “must-see” the tracks there are simple survey peaks, the climb to which takes from 1.5 to 4 hours:


  • Kala-Pattar (5550 m) is located near the Everest base camp and is the closest and most accessible observation point. Beautiful views of Everest – from the base camp Everest is not visible.
  • Gokyo Ri (5483 m) is located on the lakes of Gokyo and allows you to see the vast panorama of all the Himalayan peaks of the Himalayan Everest region from one point.

Climbers climb the same Everest base camp trek route on ascents, acclimatizing in the same way and going down to large villages on rest days.

Hiking peaks are very popular Trek in Nepal – relatively simple in technique, but with a serious height. The peaks of Island Peak (6165 m) and Mera Peak (6476 m) lie above 6000. But most trekkers who have tested themselves at the heights of local passes set themselves the following goals in the form of these Himalayan trekking packages.

What to take with you while Trekking Everest Base camp?

Trekking in Nepal is the same as a mountain hike, only along equipped trails with overnight stays under the roof. Somewhere on the cliffs, there are railings, on some slopes stone steps are laid out. Therefore, the list of equipment remains the same as for the campaign, except for tents, rugs and climbing equipment. They are not needed for trekking to the Everest base camp. On the tracks in the Himalayas, tourists spend the night in lodges – small guest houses. Houses are made of stones, instead of walls – plywood partitions. But most importantly, there are beds with blankets and a stove in the common dining room. Where everyone gathers on cold evenings.


Meals during Himalayan trekking Package.

The hostess-mother offers everyone a fairly varied menu in Namche bazar hotels, and by the appointed time sets the table for large groups. The menu has both local dishes – many variations of rice, spaghetti with vegetables. Tibetan soups and tortillas, national popcorn, as well as European options – toasts, granola and oatmeal for breakfast, potato wedges. And a dish that you are unlikely to meet somewhere else. Snickers roll (Mars roll, bounty roll) is a pie with chocolate baked inside. An average daily diet costs $ 20-25 depending on the appetite and variety of dishes.

Please note that only bottled water should be drunk. And if at the beginning of the track a liter of water costs $ 0.5, then at a height its price will increase to $ 5 (water is delivered upstairs on the backs of yaks and porters). You can’t drink from local streams because it’s frozen and not pure may contain bacteria.


What type of clothes and shoes to buy before Everest hiking?

Things to watch out for are trekking boots, a windproof jacket, and a puff. Shoes should be high, with the fixation of the lower leg, because the Everest base camp trek route is stony. Sneakers can be taken with you as spare shoes to change shoes after a day. But you should not go into them all the time. High boots also mean warm, since the trekking in Himalaya, assumes the presence of early exits at 4 in the morning. When the temperature around is negative and the legs begin to freeze significantly. It is advisable to carry new shoes in advance to reduce the risk of rubbing your feet on the route.

Windproof clothing and puffs in the Himalayas are necessary: ​​in the mountains, it is often windy. And as soon as the sun hides behind the peaks (in certain places it happens at 16 days), it immediately becomes cold.


Equipment and important things

Quality sunglasses are a must. Do not save on this and take with you “beach” ones. At an altitude above 4000 m, the level of solar radiation is already high enough to cause discomfort or even a retinal burn. A good sunscreen (50 SPF) is required.


If the path lies through the passes, you will need a helmet and cats, since the passes are the only “wild places” where the trail is not laid out with a “red carpet”. When a lot of tourists go upstairs, someone can step inaccurately and lower the stones, and due to the changeable weather, the stones can freeze up. We recommend trekking poles on any Everest base camp trek route – they help to save knees.

There is a difficult section on the descent from the Cho-La pass: the path from the rocky peak to Everest base camp trek route the glacier passes through the bergschrund, the state, and ease of passage of which changes with each snowfall. Sometimes trekkers gently walk down from it, and in the days after the weather it’s wise to hang the rope, as the responsible guides do – the descent freezes up and becomes unsafe without insurance or the ability to at least just hold onto the rope. Besides, all descents from this pass were simple and in good weather – maybe because in the fall, or maybe lucky. In the reports of the guides, you knew how they had to hang a rope there and descend carefully, sometimes in snow and fog.


How much does Potter cost to carry your cargo?

Porters – Nepalese porters carry things on the tracks during the trek in Nepal. Their services cost about $ 28 per day. Potters carry about 20 kg of cargo on the Mount Everest base camp tour. Hard work, but this is almost the only way to earn money in these parts. Giving backpacks to the porters, no one weighs them, but we urge everyone to be humane and not to burden them with excess.


Nepal’s tourism slogan reads: “once is not enough” and this accurately reflects the Himalayas. Having been there for the first time. People want to come here again and again to discover the Everest base camp trek route and explore their endless treasures.


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